Ayran (Turkish yoghurt drink) - recipe / A kitchen in Istanbul

Vidar Bergum is a food writer and cookbook author based in Istanbul, Turkey.

If you’ve ever been to Turkey you’ve probably come across ayran. This much beloved Turkish yoghurt drink is pretty much omnipresent in the country and is especially popular alongside kebabs..

Ayran has been one of the most popular drinks among Turks ever since they were nomads in the central Asian region. After discovering yoghurt, Turks quickly figured out a way to make the slightly bitter cultured milk product more palatable: By diluting it with a little water and adding salt.

Hence, ayran was born.

Since then, both the tradition and the drink’s popularity has remained almost unchanged among Turks for thousands of years, even spreading far beyond. Aryan of various types (and names) is also very popular east and west of Turkey, in areas such as Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Azerbaijan and the Balkans.

How to drink ayran

Turks eat a lot of yoghurt. Natural yoghurt alongside savoury meals. It’s therefore no surprise that ayran is particularly popular with grilled and fried meat.

Photo: Bahar Kitapci

Huge meze spread seen from above
Photo: Bahar Kitapci
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In fact, it works incredibly well. The light and tangy notes balance the umami and fattiness of meat perfectly.

Like many, I was sceptical at first. Now, I’m the first to order ayran on that rare visit to a kebab restaurant…

Ayran (Turkish yoghurt drink) - recipe / A kitchen in Istanbul

Ayran may also be enjoyed on its own. Especially in summer, when it works a treat on hot days.

Although commercial varieties are available at any cornershop, nothing beats the homemade variety. And it takes only two minutes to make!

How to make ayran

Making homemade ayran couldn’t be easier. It requires only three ingredients: Yoghurt, water and salt.

For best results, use a blender. This allows the ingredients to mix properly and create a nice foam on top.

What yoghurt to use

When making ayran, the result is nearly completely dependent on the quality of the yoghurt used.

I’m lucky enough to be able to source home made yoghurt, made fresh daily, from my local cheese shop. Sometimes I even make it myself. It’s not at all difficult, and the flavour is far superior to commercial brands.

Of course, not everyone has the luxury of being able to buy fresh homemade yoghurt locally. And most don’t eat enough yoghurt to justify the time commitment of making your own.

Ayran (Turkish yoghurt drink) - recipe / A kitchen in Istanbul

Shop-bought yoghurt works well when making ayran too, but make sure to choose a brand you really like. In my view, a tangy yoghurt works better than a creamy one when making this Turkish yoghurt drink. But you do you.

If using Greek yoghurt or any other thick type of yoghurt, you may have to use a little more water than in the recipe below.

How to get that foam on top

To many Turks, the foam on top is the highlight of the ayran.

Unless you’re ready for a relatively complicated process involving more ingredients than just yoghurt, water and salt, it is difficult to achieve the same level of foam you find in many kebab restaurants at home.

Ayran from tap at the Ciğeristan restaurant in Aksaray, Istanbul / A kitchen in Istanbul
Ayran from tap at the Ciğeristan restaurant in Aksaray, Istanbul

Some recipes suggest substituting sparkling water for some of the water to increase the amount of foam. I couldn’t notice any difference when I tested it.

Some people add dried or fresh mint to ayran. This gives it a slightly more refreshing flavour. I prefer my ayran plain. Especially if I’m having it along meat.

Some recipes, particularly non-authentic ones, also suggest adding finely chopped cucumber. I’m sure it’s tasty. Feel free to add some if you like, but it’s not Turkish. To me, that sounds more like cacık, the Turkish equivalent of tzatziki, which may also be served diluted with water as a soup.

The recipe yields two cups.

Ayran (Turkish yoghurt drink) - recipe / A kitchen in Istanbul

Ayran (Turkish yoghurt drink)

Yield: 2 cups

Ingredients

  • 300 ml good quality yoghurt
  • 200-300 ml very cold water
  • salt, to taste

Instructions

  1. Add yoghurt, water and salt to a blender. I use approx. 1/4 tsp salt. Blend until a little foam has formed on top, a minute or so.
  2. If you're happy with the flavour and consistency, serve immediately. If not, add more yoghurt, water or salt to taste and whizz for a few more seconds before serving.

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2 Responses

  1. Looking foreword to more Turkish recipes …. learned to love ayran when in Turkyi! ?

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Hey, there!

I’m Vidar. For the past few years, I’ve been exploring the foods of Turkey, the Middle East and beyond from my house in Balat, Istanbul. Let me show you around!

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